Gates and Clinton foundations reveal new worldwide data about gender equality

A joint effort by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Bill, Hillary and Chelsea Clinton Foundation shows significant gains and losses in gender equality worldwide.

 

The Gates and Clinton Foundations collected over one million data points across dozens of areas to form The Full Participation Report, available for download from NoCeilings.com.

 

The report spans 20 years and examines over 190 countries.

 

The Report determined that while there have been significant gains in women’s health and education, there has been no improvement when it comes to women’s safety, economic opportunity and leadership, Time reported.

 

To date, it is one of the most comprehensive looks at gender equality worldwide.

 

According to NoCeilings.com, after the 1995 UN World Conference on Women, world leaders committed to making sure women and girls “have the opportunity to participate fully in all aspects of life.”

 

Since that time, not much has improved when it comes to women’s safety.

 

A third of women worldwide have suffered either physical or sexual violence, usually at the hands of a partner.

 

In a survey of four African nations, a quarter of girls said their first sexual experience was non-consensual.

 

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 62 percent of women and 48 percent of men said a man is entitled to sex even if the woman does not consent.

 

Since 1995, the rate of teen birth has dropped by one-third, and the rate of women’s deaths in childbirth has dropped 40 percent in 76 countries. The rate of women who die in childbirth has dropped by 60 percent in South Asia.

 

In Sub-Saharan Africa, the rate of contraceptive use has doubled.

 

However, 220 million women worldwide do not have access to family planning, and 800 women die every day from preventable complications during pregnancy, Time reported.

 

Worldwide, the percentage of women who die as a result of pregnancy has dropped by 42 percent since 1995.

 

Former NBC Special Correspondent Chelsea Clinton told Time, “We cannot mistake progress for success.”

 

Another area examined by the report was the gender gap in primary education worldwide.

 

To date, the gap has closed everywhere except Sub-Saharan Africa.

 

However, the rate of girls who attend secondary school still leaves much to be desired, Time reported.

Less than half of all girls in South Asia are attending secondary school.

 

In Sub-Saharan Africa, less than onethird of all girls will attend.

 

Nevertheless, overall female literacy rates reached 80 percent in 2012.

 

Women remain on unequal ground financially as well.

 

Globally, 55 percent of women work for pay as opposed to 82 percent of men.

 

The American gross domestic product (GDP) would rise by 5 percent if women were equally present in the workforce.

 

GDP sums are commonly used to measure a country or region’s economic performance.

 

Egypt’s GDP would rise by 34 percent if more women participated in the workforce. The United States is also one of nine countries without mandatory paid maternity leave.

 

Up to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave is available in 75 percent of other developed nations.

 

When it comes to global leadership, women also remain underrepresented.

 

Global legislatures are 22 percent female, and there are only 18 countries worldwide led by women. However, that is a slight rise from the 12 female-led nations there were in 1995.

 

In Rwanda, Bolivia and Andorra, women hold about half the seats in their lower parliaments, Time reported.

-Dionna Cheatham ’15, Junior Politics/Opinions Editor

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